Your pond in Winter

In winter your pond will get colder and ice may form on the surface. This will sometimes be for an extended period of time depending where you live.

Your pond life has evolved to live in this winter environment. However that is not to say that a pond owner can’t help it through this time of year, especially if the winter is extremely long or harsh. Some animals such as frogs and turtles retreat to the bottom of your pond in winter. These animals hibernate in the sludge until spring comes and everything warms up. If your pond surface completely freezes light can still get through so plants can still photosynthesize. However if snow falls onto the ice and is left to blanket the pond your aquatic life will no longer have the light it needs to produce oxygen and then your pond life will die, if left to long. It is recommended to keep at least 30% of your pond’s surface snow free. Of course be safe when doing snow removal.

Another way to help your pond in the winter is to keep a hole in the ice to allow unwanted gases to escape and oxygen to enter your pond. You can do this by adding an air pump.

Consider the long-term affects when keeping your pond clean

If you want your pond to stay clear of algae there are some good preventative measures to take. These include removing sediment from the bottom of your pond which is nutrient rich and can encourage algae growth. You can also reduce the amount of sludge build up at the bottom of your pond by cutting back foliage around your pond. Adding an air pump will you also increase oxygen to your pond which encourages beneficial bacteria that keep ponds cleaner. A stagnant pond without water movement is much more susceptible to algae growth.

However you may also need to get rid of existing algae. When you do this you must also make sure that you are not removing all the beneficial bacteria with it. These bacteria help to naturally keep your pond clean and without them the likelihood of algae growth reoccurring is high. Some additives will clear your pond of algae in the short term but in the long-term they will make your pond much more susceptible to reoccurring algae growth. For example the addition of copper sulphate does clear algae from your pond but will also kill the good bacteria which can take a long time to reestablish itself. To keep your pond balanced and healthy use an additive such as Microbe-Lift PL which considers the long-term repercussions to your pond and also install an air pump which keeps your pond aerated and less susceptible to algae growth.

How to slow the aging process of your pond

From the moment that you put in your pond it begins to age. You start your pond with water, a few nutrients and some aquatic life. Your pond will then start to acquire nutrients. As the nutrients in your pond increase then the amount of life that your pond can support also increases. As with all life it will then die and fall to the bottom of your pond and decay and release nutrients back into the water. If left your pond would eventually totally fill up with this decayed matter, or sludge, and you would have a bog and eventually dry land once again. Of course this would take some time but if you want to keep an attractive pond and not have a swamp in your yard you need to slow this process.

If you can reduce the amount of sludge at the bottom of your pond and encourage the ability of your pond to remove it you will be slowing down the aging process. Aerobic bacteria require oxygen to live and they work about 20 times faster than anaerobic bacteria when breaking down waste. Anaerobic bacteria do not thrive in an oxygen rich environment. If you keep your pond aerated with oxygen you will be providing the best environment for these bacteria to live. An air pump in your pond will do this. You can also introduce an additive which has these beneficial bacteria and promotes the breaking down of the sludge.

In this way you can keep your pond healthy, clear and full of water for many years to come.

The Depth of your Pond Matters

Did you know that if your pond is deeper than 6 ft you many not be getting enough aeration at the lower depth. This can cause problems such as excessive algae growth, nasty smells and excessive pond sludge. Your fish may all be gasping for air at the surface because they do not have sufficient oxygen.

Oxygen is essential at lower depth. It ensures that beneficial bacteria can work effectively to maintain the balance in your pond. Oxygen also enables bottom dwelling animals to thrive. These animals which include snails and worms help keep your pond healthy.

An air pump can remedy this problem by introducing oxygen at these lower depths to ensure that your entire pond is sufficiently aerated.

Calculating the number of gallons in your natural pond

The most important information you should know about your pond is the number of gallons of water it holds. Correct filter sizing and water treatments are based on this number.  A natural pond is a bit harder to calculate than a rectangular or circular pond but many of us want a pond that looks natural so its a necessary calculation. You can empty your pond and measure how much water it takes to refill it but most of us would rather not have to take this route when a calculation is available.

There are 7.48 gallons of water per cubic foot.

To figure gallons in your pond: (All measurements are in feet)

Natural Ponds: Length x Width x .8 x Depth x 7.5 = Gallons 

(.8 compensates for lack of corners. Use .85 for ponds 400 plus square feet)

It’s Halloween in your Pond!

Halloween is here and hopefully your pond life is settling down this fall and winter. However you still need to ensure that you have sufficient aeration and circulation in your pond. Although there is less activity in an around your pond it still is ‘alive’ during the colder months. Your pond will still require oxygen to ensure it remains healthy.

A smell of rotting vegetation, decomposing sludge and of stagnant water may be atmospheric for Halloween but is not desirable for the rest of the year. An air pump will ensure that your pond is aerated and has circulation. The air pump will help keep your pond healthy through the coming colder months.

Microbe-Lift SA (Sludge-Away)

Speeds Up the Removal of Sludge & Muck Naturally

Use MICROBE-LIFT/Sludge-Away any time there is excessive non-cellulosic organic build-up in the bottom of the pond, especially for rock bottom ponds

MICROBE-LIFT/Sludge-Away is especially helpful for ponds that have a rock or gravel bottom and where vacuuming is impractical

MICROBE-LIFT/Sludge-Away has been shown to breakdown up to 3 inches of sludge in as little as 3 weeks. Should be used with Microbe-Lift / PL

MICROBE-LIFT/Sludge-Away is formulated specifically for the removal of organic bottom solids that are slow to degrade

MICROBE-LIFT/Sludge-Away works faster at warm water temperatures, however, it may be used effectively at any temperature year-round

Years in development, MICROBE-LIFT/Sludge-Away speeds the biological removal of slow-to-degrade organic waste matter from aquatic pond bottoms that may become toxic to fish and plant life. As organic solids accumulate on the pond bottom, they begin to break down releasing toxic gasses to the surrounding environment. These gaseous by-products endanger fish, marine life and plants. MICROBE-LIFT/Sludge-Away removes bottom organic sludge and muck-reducing or eliminating the potential harmful gaseous compounds-and helps clarify your pond water at the same time

MICROBE-LIFT/Sludge-Away may slightly discolor pond water for a short while. Rocks along the edge may darken but will return to their natural color

  • Provides “rapid and natural sludge and muck removal”
  • 80% faster than competitive products
  • Binds phosphate
  • Organic and microbial based
  • Safe for fish, plants, pets and the environment
  • Helps improve pond clarity
  • 100% active ingredients
  • Disperses quickly

MICROBE-LIFT/Sludge-Away will accelerate the solubilization and biological digestion of organic solids in your pond. As a result of this increased oxygen demand, the Oxygen Uptake Rate (OUR) in your pond will increase in the process, along with your aquatic life’s need for oxygen

When using MICROBE-LIFT/Sludge-Away make sure that your pond is adequately oxygenated (>4.0 mg/L dissolved oxygen)

FujiMAC Air Pumps are available for purchase

Fish Pond Products have FujiMac Air Pumps in stock, in various sizes, that are perfect for providing aeration to your pond. We have in stock the MAC40R, MAC80R, MAC150R and MAC200R.

FujiMac Air Pumps:

  • Provide long life operation. These air Pumps have minimized housing temperature rise so your pump has extended use. They are tested for endurance.
  • Are energy efficient. The efficiency of the pump means that it consumes less power and so it therefore costs less to run.
  • Are easy to maintain. No lubricant is needed for these pumps. The diaphragm assembly can be easily replaced with the purchase of a rebuild kit.
  • Have a simple structure. These pumps are Oil-less and have proven, strong durability.
  • Have quiet operation. These pumps have an established noise suppression mechanism to ensure quiet operation.

Microbe-Lift/ PL Pond Additive

Fish Pond Products is now a provider of the Microbe-Lift products including Microbe-Lift/ PL the most requested beneficial bacteria by brand name because of its proven superior performance. Microbe-Lift has unmatched technology, reliability and performance. With four easy steps you can achieve:

  • Assured Water Quality (Clean, Clear and Non-Toxic)
  • Ammonia Control (Stable Nitrification)
  • Stable pH Control to eliminate Pond Crash
  • Reduction in Nitrate (A Green Water Causing Nutrient)

Microbe-Lift/ PL and Microbe-Lift Nite-Out II provides the only natural pond treatment program to cycle and balance your pond fast using safe, microbial, non-chemical biological process which naturally; controls and eliminates waste organic matter, enhances water quality and reduces and controls toxic ammonia, nitrite and nitrate.

Use MICROBE-LIFT/ PL anytime your pond water is not as clear as you’d like, the temperature is over 45 Fahrenheit (8 Celsius), there is sediment buildup on the bottom of your pond or your pond is not cycling.

MICROBE-LIFT/ PL balances your pond’s ecosystem by establishing all natural biological processes required to: keep water clear and clean; reduce or eliminate organic sludge buildup; and seed your filter.

MICROBE-LIFT/ PL does the work of 3-4 competitive products.

MICROBE-LIFT/ PL is safe if pets drink out of a pond with PL.

MICROBE-LIFT/ PL is specially Formulated for Decorative Fish Ponds, Lagoons & Smaller Water Features

  • Creates a cleaner environment for your pond, promoting faster fish growth
  • Reduces ammonia nitrogen levels
  • Dissolves away organic sludge
  • Seeds and maintains biological filters
  • Significantly reduces noxious odors caused by dead algae, fish fecal matter and urine
  • Reduces hydrogen sulfide, which creates strong, offensive odors
  • Reduces biological oxygen demand (B.O.D.)
  • Reduces buildup of bird droppings, fish feed and dead leaves
  • Breaks down dead algae
  • Improves dissolved oxygen levels
  • Contains photosynthetic bacteria which reduces cloudy water by promoting flocculation and settling of organic and inorganic particles
  • Effective over a wide range of pH conditions
  • Can be used at 45 oF


When does a Pond need Aeration?

Aeration is a very crucial element in any pond.  Every living thing in the pond requires a constant supply of oxygen and every process that happens in the pond is dependent on oxygen. The fish, plants and even the bacteria need oxygen. 

Aeration is important:

  • At Night:

This is when plants are not converting CO2 into oxygen.  

  • In Winter:

During winter months in colder climates aeration helps to keep a small hole open in the surface of the pond to aid in degassing

  • In Summer:

As water warms up it is unable to hold as much oxygen so dissolved oxygen levels are generally lower in warmer water temperatures. Aeration will also help to circulate your pond and prevent stagnation and so reduce the number of mosquitoes that can breed in your pond.

An Air Pump will supply aeration necessary for your pond all day and all year long.